Per the article:
"Important takeaways from this study:
- Larger fish do require an increased emphasis on proper fish handling, by supporting their weight with a second hand.
- Applying too much pressure to soft tissue areas can cause damage. Many state agencies claim anything greater than any angle that deviates 10 percent or more from vertical or horizontal has the potential to damage the jaw.
- Holding fish with a fish grip or by a hanging scale is beneficial.
- The recommendation that it is acceptable to hold fish horizontally with a second hand supporting its weight or completely vertical is still valid and supported by our research.
- Holding fish vertically with the weight of the fish being placed on the jaw in an exaggerated fashion is not acceptable.
- Injured fish will likely swim away and appear completely normal.
- Long-term affects of soft tissue injuries are currently unknown."